Coffee is a favorite beverage. It is popular in so many countries and has been around for centuries. Coffee exists in various types – you can differentiate them by their tastes and smells. More than 70 countries grow coffee as a source of national revenue, or what is known as a cash crop. Technology and machines have recently helped improve the coffee trade, and this encouraged other nations to be part of the fray. Here Pouted magazine shows a list of the top 10 coffee-producing countries in the world.
Brazil has been rated as the nation with the highest production capacity of coffee worldwide. They have been in this business for 150 years. Its production capacity is 2590010 metric tons of coffee each year. And this high production can be traced to their large coffee plantations located on a land area of 27000 sq km with 26% Robusta, and 74% Arabica.
Vietnam unsurprisingly seconds Brazil in this list of the biggest coffee-producing nations. They have an incredible production might of 1650000 tons each year. Although there are several species of the coffee crop, they seem to specialize in the Robusta type. More than 96% of the coffee that is grown in this nation is the Robusta species.
Colombia has become a household name in the community of coffee producers. And while they have succeeded enough to remain as the third largest coffee producer in the world, they have recently had to deal with the outcome of bad weather and unfavorable climate conditions. Colombia was the next big name after Brazil for several years before it was displaced to third, thanks to the booming production of coffee in Vietnam. It was able to match the output of 810,000 metrics tons of coffee as of 2016. Even with Colombia remaining in the third position of the largest coffee producers, it remained a crucial player in the market.
Although they may not have the kind of global presence that the big names like Brazil and the likes have, Indonesia has done pretty well for itself when it comes to coffee production. Due to their favorable climate conditions for low-quality coffee, they have focused more of their time producing Robusta in much quantity. Indonesia has succeeded in the coffee market because its geographical location seems to be in great favor of coffee production. The Dutch were the ones that colonized the Indonesians, and also introduced them to coffee. With a yearly record of 810,000 metrics tons of coffee, these guys are certainly a force to reckon within this field.
The Ethiopians may sit in the fifth position regarding the quantity of coffee they can produce, but they have unique something. Arabica coffee is the most common coffee bean worldwide. Ethiopia is where it is grown. Approximately 28% of all the export made in Ethiopia is gotten from coffee. It is the source of employment for more than 15 million of its citizens. Ethiopia has been known for its rich coffee history for more than a thousand years. Since they domesticated the farming of coffee beans, they have developed different variants of Arabica coffee. Therefore, there are a couple of trademarks of Arabica that only the Ethiopian government owns their rights.
The Hondurans have saved themselves the sixth spot in coffee production. They have done particularly well to outsmart their competitors and end up as the highest coffee producer in Central America. Even with 348000s metric tons of coffee in 2016, there is still an issue with national branding in Honduras. Their products are not as popular as the Ethiopian and Colombian ones. People hardly recognize theirs since they are mostly used as blends. Employment for most people in Honduras comes through coffee production. Plus, it has been a pivotal part of the nation’s economy.
India was able to manage about 348,000 metrics tons of cocoa beans in 2016. Perhaps, the unfavorable soil conditions for coffee in India could be responsible for the low output. Coffee can only be farmed on a select portion of land, in the southern, hilly axes of the nation. Their coffee is known to have a distinct aroma and spicy taste because they grow it alongside spices such as cardamom and cinnamon. Since coffee is not as famous as tea in a place like India, the bulk of their coffee is exported to regions like Europe and Russia.
Many people may never have given Uganda a chance as one of the top producers of coffee in the world today. But all the same, here they are as one of the leading coffee producers in the global community. Coffee has been responsible for its biggest export for so many years. They have done well enough to advance passed Mexico with a production capacity of 288,000 metrics tons as of 2016. Their soil is suitable for farming both Arabica and the Robusta species of coffee.
With a production might of about 234,000 metrics tons of coffee beans, you can safely conclude that a nation like Mexico is doing all they can to stay in the world map of coffee producers. Theirs seems to be the most patronized in America. The crisis that happened around the 1990s was what destabilized the coffee market structure in Mexico, and since then, they have not been able to regain their footing.
Guatemala’s 204,000 metrics tons of coffee beans in 2016 by all standards is a no-mean feat for this nation. Their ability to match their 2016 production has been consistent over the years. There is plenty of coffee in Guatemala in places where the temperature ranges from 16 to 32°C. Coffee has been a remarkable export product in this nation for decades now.