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Names Of The Top 10 Most Brightest Stars In The Sky

All the stars which you see with your naked eyes in the night sky, are belonging to the Milky Way Galaxy. Stars are giant shining spheres of hot gas which are made of hydrogen, smaller amounts of helium, and trace amounts of other elements.

“The characteristics of the stars”

Brightness: it depends on the surface temperature and size of the star,  the distance between Earth and the star can affect the light and brightness of the star which we see.

Color: it depends on the surface temperature of the star; it might appear to have one color, but actually it comes in different colors from reddish to yellowish to blue.

Size: stars differ in their sizes, but the size of any star affects its brightness.

The surface temperature: it depends on the mass of the star and it also affects its color and brightness.

sky2_1552774i Names Of The Top 10 Most Brightest Stars In The Sky

night-sky-stars Names Of The Top 10 Most Brightest Stars In The Sky

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” Names of the top 10 most brightest stars in the sky”

1. Sirius or the Dog star: it is the brightest star in the sky.

  • Distance: 8.6 LY
  • Spectral Type: A1Vm

2. Canopus: the second brightest star in the sky.

  • Distance: 74 LY
  • Spectral Type: F0II

3. Rigel Kentaurus or Alpha Centauri: it is the third brightest star in the sky.

  • Distance: 4.3 LY
  • Spectral Type: G2V

4. Arcturus: it is the fourth brightest star in the entire sky and the brightest star in the constellation Bootes.

  • Distance: 34 LY
  • Spectral Type: 5IIIFe-0.5

5. Vega: it is the fifth brightest star in the sky and it is about 25 light-years from Earth.

  • Distance: 25 LY
  • Spectral Type: A0Va

6. Capella: it is the sixth brightest star and it is a yellow giant star such like the sun but much larger.

  • Distance: 41 LY
  • Spectral Type: G5IIIe+G0III

7. Rigel: the seventh brightest star and it is a blue super giant and part of a 4 star system.

  • Distance: 1400 LY
  • Spectral Type: B8Ia

8. Procyon: it is the eighth brightest star in the sky. It is one of the closer stars to Earth. It is a yellow-white star and at 11.4 light years.

  • Distance: 11.4 LY
  • Spectral Type: F5IV-V

9. Achernar: it is the ninth brightest star and it is a bluish-white  super giant star. It is about 69 light years from Earth.

  • Distance: 69 LY
  • Spectral Type: B3Vpe

10. Betelgeuse: it is the tenth brightest star in the sky. It is a red super giant star that about 13,000 times brighter than the sun and over 1000 times larger.

  • Distance: ~1400 LY
  • Spectral Type: M1-2Ia-Iab

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shooting_star Names Of The Top 10 Most Brightest Stars In The Sky

 

 

 Names Of The Top 10 Most Brightest Stars In The Sky
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