We always hear about the hell without knowing what it looks like or how will be your feeling when you go close to it, but do you believe that you can experience this feeling now. It will be just an example which is very little if it is compared to the real hell. It is the hell on earth or to be more precise the “Door to Hell” as it is commonly known. You may have heard about that or it may be the first time for you to hear this term. The Door to Hell is a natural gas field that is located in Derweze village, Ahal Province, Turkmenistan.
The word Derweze is sometimes written as Darvaza and this means gate. The crater of the Door to Hell is very large as its depth is about 20 meters (66ft) and its diameter is approximately 70 meters which is about 230 ft and this makes it very wide and really thrilling.
The name of this place is not scientific but it was given by the locals. What gave the Door to Hell its name are the flames, boiling mud and natural gas fire that can be found there and has been constantly burning since 1971 when it was first lit by Soviet petrochemical scientists. The fire is continuously burning because it is always fed by the deposits of natural gas that exist at this place. The field has a gas reserve that is considered to be one of the largest reserves in the whole world. Burning natural gas is the main cause of the smell of burning sulfur that spreads around the area.
The question is what makes the Soviet petrochemical scientists burn this place although they know that it is rich in oil and gas and has one of the largest gas reserves in the whole world?
This place was discovered by Soviet scientists in 1971 and while working on the site and drilling to store the gas reserve, the site unfortunately collapsed and the ground turned into a wide crater. There were no victims after that collapse but what is more dangerous is that the collapse resulted in releasing large quantities of methane gas which was dangerous for both the environment and the people who live in the surrounding area. The scientists after that disaster decided to burn the wide crater to reduce the danger of the released gas and they also found that it would be difficult for them to extract the gas. The gas has been burning for over four decades till now.