TOP 10 DNA Amazing Facts That You Must Know

DNA stands for Deoxyribonucleic acid which is a molecule that encodes the genetic instructions in humans and almost all other organisms. It comes in the form of a twisted ladder shape that is called a “double helix.” DNA was first identified in 1871 by Friedrich Miescher but up until today wonders about DNA are still discovered.

DNA can reach the moon 6000 times

If all the DNA we have in our cells is unwrapped and tied together, it could make thousands of round trips to the moon. As the strands of DNA in each single cell is about 6 feet long, with 100 trillion cells in the human body.

99.9% of DNA sequences are the same in all humans

Everybody’s uniqueness is indisputable but this similarity makes human first and foremost. The 0.1% may have to do with the number of nucleotides in each person’s DNA.

Humans and chimps share from 94% to 98% of their DNA

Recent researches indicate we are only 1.2% genetically different from chimpanzees. At some point Neanderthals and Homo sapiens mated.

Genes make up to 3% of DNA

Genes are parts of DNA that contain hereditary information that is passed from parent to offspring. The rest portion (97%) until recently was thought to be nonfunctional junk. Although scientists found that it helps to regulate the genes activity.

You can sequence the DNA of a fetus with blood and spit

The scientists can construct the DNA of an unborn child through blood sample of his mother and salvia of his father. This DNA sample construction can help to identify diseases in the offspring.

A parent and a child share 50% of their genes

A child shares half of the genetic material with his mother and the other half with his father. Siblings share 50% of their genes while identical twins share almost 100% of their genes. Even Identical twins have infrequent genetic differences due to mutations in DNA sequence occurring during development.

Human genome contains 3 billion pairs of DNA

Almost each cell in our body has a copy of DNA except for red blood cells. Each cell has 3 billion base pairs, or chemical letters. If these letters are written down it will take 30 years of nonstop writing.

In conclusion DNA is the “blueprint” of life. The chance that two different individuals happen to have identical DNA profile is one in billion. Consequently it is used widely in criminals recognition.

Nada Osama

Nada Osama, an experienced blogger with 7 years of expertise, captivates readers with her engaging content. Covering lifestyle, travel, personal development, and more, Nada offers valuable insights and practical tips to enhance readers' lives. With a passion for exploring different cultures and cuisines, Nada finds joy in immersing herself in new experiences. Her love for travel and discovering hidden gems shines through in her writing, inspiring readers to embark on their own journeys of exploration. Stay connected with Nada Osama by subscribing to our blog and joining her vibrant online community. As a respected authority in the blogging world, Nada's expertise has garnered recognition and collaborations with like-minded individuals and brands. Embark on a journey of discovery with Nada Osama as your guide. Her immersive blog will enrich your life and leave you inspired to embrace new possibilities. More »
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