Acne is a skin inflammation characterized by blackheads, whiteheads and red spots commonly called “buttons”. The most common form of acne is known as acne vulgaris (“vulgar” with a sense of shared). Acne appears most often on the face, but also on the chest, back and upper arms. Acne affects approximately 90% of teens and 20% or 30% of those aged 20 to 40 years. It generates more physician visits than any other skin problem.
Acne does not life-threatening, but it can cause annoyance, disfigurement and psychosocial problems. it can also leave permanent scars and accentuated.
Acne is caused by overactive sebaceous glands. Usually, these glands produce small amounts of sebum, a thick substance that contains oil and skin cells. When you have acne, these glands produce excess sebum that can clog your follicles and bacteria may settle, in particular, a strain called Propionibacterium acnes.
Consumption of junk food (junk food) and chocolate does not cause acne. A hair and oily skin do not cause acne, but it is often a sign of overactive sebaceous glands, the real cause of acne. Some research suggests that stress may aggravate existing acne, but it does not cause.
Discover the causes and reasons of acne pimples, but above all, how to stop these acne breakouts.
Menopause and hormonal changes can cause acne pimples
The main culprits of acne, hormones, are more present than ever after a certain age. “During menopause, estrogen and progesterone fade, increasing the inflammation factors that cause acne breakouts”.From more, you may have recently used a new pill or another contraceptive product, that the North American menopause Society recommends for women who are in menopause.
Although the use of a contraceptive device has a beneficial effect on the skin of most women, it is not necessarily successful for all. “This can also cause acne” if you are victims of acne breakouts and because the causes are many, talk to your doctor so that he offers something new.
Acne and its causes: your new treatment regimen for the skin does not … yet
You bought new skin products, hoping an immediate improvement, but your investment seems useless and ineffective. Here’s why: it is absolutely normal to have acne breakouts while your skin is undergoing a period of adjustment. “When you start a new treatment regimen for the skin, it can take one to three months to see results. Some people give up after a week, but this is not enough ”
So maybe you do simply not enough. Although a topical regimen can eliminate some of the acne, acne breakouts have multiple causes. One must also consider your stress level and the amount of sleep you get. These two factors can indeed make skyrocket inflammation in your body, which will get acne. Do not rely solely on creams and expect an effortless success.
You put too much makeup
It’s a natural reaction: the more you have acne, you will want more camouflage pimples with makeup. In return, your skin can not breathe. This is the beauty products often clog the pores of the skin and sebaceous glands. This makeup and provides an opportunity for bacteria to grow stronger and create more acne breakouts. This cycle repeats and you apply more makeup to camouflage redness. A dermatologist can help you eliminate this habit of life and improve your skincare.
The dermatologist may suggest a topical program, oral medication or laser resurfacing to remove acne scars. Once you have your acne under control, you will not need tons of makeup on your face.
Symptoms and Complications
The symptoms of acne will vary from person to person, they may be manifested by:
-blackheads (black spots the size of a pinhead) which open onto the surface of your skin and does not leave scars;
-whiteheads or pustules that form the type of acne most common form and the first lesions – they do not become blackheads because they are not exposed to air;
-pustules and deep cysts that are inflamed; they are usually red and swollen and visibly contain pus;
-deep acne that may be more serious – the lesions are usually red, inflamed, pus and painful to touch.
-Deep acne often appears on the back and chest. This is usually the form of acne the most difficult to treat, and it is likely to leave scars. Deep acne includes pustules and cysts that occur mostly on the surface of the skin, or sometimes in the deeper layers of the skin. If out the pus that is released will result in the formation of other damage.Deep acne can lead to scarring. If you try to punch or pinch pimples, this handling often leaves a small crater that can become permanent. Men more often have scars because they are more often than women affected by deep acne.
Acne and medications?
Sometimes medicines and products applied to the skin called comedogenic (which may promote the appearance of buttons) are known to be acne generators (such as corticosteroids, anti-TB drugs, some contraceptives, vitamin B12, some antiepileptics, etc.). So always report to the doctor the medicines you take as well as products that any drug or cosmetic cause of the rash and choose the proper conduct is used and leave the task to detect if this is the case.
Acne and sun: friends or an enemy?
The sun, which seems to be a friend, is actually an enemy! In fact, UV exposure is skin aggression, therefore the skin defends itself by immediate or delayed reactions.
Initially, edema or tan is coming hide or mitigates the buttons; acne seems to heal. Then is gradually skin thickening (on the horny layer) that will come to worsen the sebaceous retention and on average in the next two weeks, the person will see his acne lesions truly blaze.
Moreover, we must not forget that most acne treatments are photosensitizing, so caution should be: better protection from the sun. The use of a special sunscreen acne-prone skin is strongly advised.
Acne and smoking: the controversy!
Acne and tobacco were the subjects of various contradictory conclusions. Some spoke of an attenuator or protective effect face to tobacco acne while other studies have proved otherwise and a smokers’ acne has even been described. When in doubt, the harm of smoking on general health and skin in particular rather tips the balance toward an attitude of “control”.
Acne and sexuality: what should we think?
Contrary to what our grandmothers said, sex had no impact on acne. Researchers all agree that there is no direct link between acne and sexuality. If it is only a support and a disappearance of buttons still encourages seduction.
In conclusion, the aggravating factors or reducing the birth of acne in an individual depend essentially on your family, professional and hygienic. There are multiple causes of acne that are both caused by the hormonal balance of external parameters (skincare, sensitivity, sun).
Treatment and Prevention
Most skin cleansers advertised through advertising against acne are not necessary. In fact, they may even worsen acne. In their place, your doctor will probably recommend some of the following products:
-ointments and lotions based benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, glycolic acid or sulfur counter everywhere. These are peeling and drying agents which open the pores and help remove dead skin cells.
Their favorable effects occur after approximately 2 weeks, and these products must be used continuously to maintain their effectiveness. These products must be applied to the entire affected area and not just on buttons;
-taking oral contraceptives can help regulate the activity of hormones that cause acne breakouts for some women;
-an antibiotic lotion or acid-based product retinoid (a derivative of vitamin A) applied directly to the skin is generally effective in the most severe cases;
oral antibiotics (eg tetracycline *, minocycline.) are sometimes given against deep acne;
-prescription drugs (eg. isotretinoin) are effective in treating deep acne. However, they should be prescribed with caution for women. It is therefore important to discuss the risks and benefits of these medications with your doctor;
-collagen injections and cosmetic laser surgery are useful in case of scars deep acne.
Many of these treatments can sensitize the skin to sunlight. They should be used at the same time providing adequate protection against the sun. Talk to your doctor or your pharmacist risks and benefits of various treatment options available to you.